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This department deals with the formulation and implementation of various programmes to augment production of both food crops and cash crops in the State. It undertakes activities among farmers to promote scientific methods of cultivation plant protection etc. and also arranges the supply of high yielding varieties of seeds, seedlings, planting materials and plant protection chemicals to farmers. The department also formulates policies and programmes relating to provision of credit to farmers. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension are three important functions of the department. It runs agricultural farms and also has an engineering wing.
The Director of Agriculture is the head of the Department. The department has offices at the regional, district and Panchayat levels. It has a presence in all the village panchayat through Krishi Bhavans.
There is a directorate of soil conservation, which has a soil conservation wing and soil survey wing. They undertake investigation preparation, and execution of all the soil conservation work.
Agriculture Production Commissioner heads the Agriculture department and under him there is Secretary Agriculture and Secretary Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development. There are separate field departments for Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development.