Calicut, also known by the name Kozhikode, is a northern district located on India’s South-West coastal belt. The headquarters of this district is also known by the same name i.e. the city of Calicut. Surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the West, this region was the glorious center of trade and commerce in the bygone era.
According to modern day historians, Calicut was best known for its spices and silk- a reason why it had successfully established trade links with many countries in the Indian Ocean. Strong commercial links with many African, Asian and Middle East countries made Calicut a buzzing economic hub in its golden days.
Calicut came under the British East India Company during the colonial times and was administered under Madras Presidency. Calicut has its share in the world history for it was in Kappad (18 km away from Calicut) Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese navigator, landed in the year 1498. This historical moment is honored by constructing a monument at that place which is a popular tourist attraction in Calicut.
Of all the things Calicut is famed for, its culture and cuisines stand out demanding the attention of travelers and historians alike. This region is the birthplace of the world famous folk songs known by the name Vadakkan Pattukal. Calicut thrives with rich Islamic art forms which contributed to the uniqueness of the cultural history of the region. Oppana (a Muslim dance form) and Mappilapattukal (Muslim Songs) and Gazals are the most popular Islamic art forms of this place. The city is home to many progressive literary movements which gave birth to several renowned regional writers. Apart from cultural forms, the people of Calicut are well known for their love for football and hospitality.
Being a potpourri of many traditions such as Arabic and Chinese, Calicut enjoys an exceptionally outstanding culinary culture. The city is best associated with Kozhikodan Halwa (a flour bases confectionery which comes in many flavors) and no traveler should miss tasting this heavenly delight. Another food that made Calicut famous around the globe is its Malabar Biriyani which is served in almost all the restaurants of the district. Sea foods, Pathiri, Banana Chips and Ghee Rice are some other delights no traveler would want to miss.